Education in Germany – is the prerogative of governments Lands. As a general rule, education is a land of culture ministers. At the federal level, education is coordinated by the Conference of Ministers of Culture of the land.
School education in Germany is universal and free. Compulsory 9-year education. Overall, the school system is designed for 12-13 years. Today in Germany, about 50,000 schools with an enrollment of more than 12.5 million students.
All children who have reached the age of six, starting primary school (Grundschule). Primary school lasts four years (four classes), the load is 20 to 30 hours a week. In the primary school in 2008 had been learned about 3 million students.
The formation of the second stage (mean I) continues to 10 th grade.
After primary school children are separated mainly by ability into three different groups. The weakest students are sent for further training in the so-called “main school” (German Hauptschule), with an enrollment of five years. The main goal of this school – preparation for professional life. Here we give a basic education. Load average 30-33 hours a week. After finishing primary school young German starts working or studying in the vocational education system, speech writing services. Pupils with average results go to “real school” (German Realschule) and taught there for 6 years. After finishing school you can get a job, and the most able can continue their education in the 11th and 12th grade high school.
In high school student is educated in classical type.
Upper secondary education (secondary II) is carried out only in high school in the 11th and 12th grades. Thirteenth grade school pupils are considered applicants. In the thirteenth grade school students preparing to study in higher education. At the end of the thirteenth grade school students take exams in basic school subjects (German Abitur). The level of education in the 12th and 13th grades and the level of final exams in high school are very high. Entrance examinations to higher education institutions in Germany are not held. Admission is carried out according to the average estimate in the certificate, as well as the some of the social factors. If the training at a university applicants than places, make better, and the other, take turns, and they can get a place to study in the following year.
School education in Germany has been criticized because of too early separation of children. The student who after primary school falls into the “home school” has no chance in the future to get a good education and have no chance to continue their studies in higher education.
Secondary education in Germany is presented by vocational schools, special vocational schools and higher special schools.
Germany subjected to constant criticism from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development for its policy in the field of education. Government still does not take measures to address the identified problems in the education system. While the cost of a primary school is relatively small, a lot of money invested in higher education. Experts estimate that Germany may incur losses in the future, if not carried out educational reform.