In secondary education in Germany there are four types of secondary schools:
The most prestigious type of school is a grammar school, a diploma which allows free entrance examinations to enter into all higher education institutions in Germany. Typically, high schools specializing in humanities. The last 2 years are proforientirovannymi school, ie along with general subjects, students choose to study a number of specialized disciplines. The duration of the school – age 9, from 5 to 13 class. After grade 12, students receive a diploma Fachhochschulreife, eligibility for admission to the Institute (Fachhochschule), and after 13 class – Hochschulreife, matriculation to university.
2. Real school. Realschule.
Education in the real school lasts 6 years, 5 to 10 class. In contrast to the grammar schools, the school is more focused on specialized disciplines, the main subjects are taught with a mandatory profile bias. The real school is the most common type of exposure to the majority of students (40%). Upon completion of training in a real school issues a certificate (Fachoberschulreife), allows entry to college or spetsuprofchilische.
3. The Basic School. Hauptschule.
In elementary school, which gets about a quarter of children who are learning to grade 10. Elementary School provides basic general education, which, as in real school, focused on the choice of future profession. After teaching in elementary school students usually come in the vocational school.
4. Integrated schools. Gesamtschule.
Combined schools provide themselves with the basic features of all of these educational institutions. The duration of the merged school is 6 years old, from 5 to 10 class. In some integrated schools also have high school (11 to 13 class), organized on the principle of high school gymnasiums, however, in contrast to the high school, and the kids come here without any recommendation from the primary school. In addition, not all the lands there are schools of this type. If the student successfully completes the high school merged schools, he issued matriculation Hochschulreife, certifying the level of education sufficient for admission.
In addition to all of those schools, in Germany, there are also special schools for children with mental or physical disabilities, with different levels and profiles, called Sonderschule.
After high school graduate to get up various ways to continue education in college, vocational school, or university spetsprofuchilische. Not all schools provide education, sufficient for entry to higher education, in fact, a school-leaving certificate is issued only after the successful completion of high school or unified school.
At the end of comprehensive school graduate has one of the following (Abitur)
Hauptschulabschluss – issued after the end of the 10 classes of elementary schools is sufficient for entry into vocational school.
Fachoberschulreife – issued after the end of the 10 classes of real schools, sufficient for admission to college or spetsprofuchilische.
Fachhochschulreife – issued after the end of 12 years of high school or combined school and after graduation, or spetsprofuchilischa is sufficient for admission to the Institute.
Hochschulreife – issued after the end of the 13 classes of high school or unified school is sufficient for admission.