The system of higher education (or “third-level education» – third level education) – are state universities, professional colleges and educational institutions. Recently began to appear and private, mainly business colleges. In Ireland, the six universities. The most famous – Trinity College Dublin (University of Dublin, Trinity College). Another famous University – National University of Ireland (NUI) – consists of three colleges: University College Dublin, University College Cork and University College Galway.
This association rather formally all three colleges are autonomous and self-governing, each of them has the status of a university itself. Additionally, when three NUI accredited college, one of the most prestigious medical schools in Europe, The Royal College of Surgeons, St. Patrick’s College (St Patrick’s College) and St Angela’s College. Irish include the six “friends” and two universities, located in Northern Ireland, that is, in the United Kingdom: Queens University Belfast and the University of Ulster (University of Ulster).
As is common throughout the world, universities – primarily academic and research centers, and they come in the first place, those who want to devote themselves to scientific careers. All Irish universities have departments of humanities, natural sciences, engineering, social sciences, economics and medicine. In each, there are three levels: bachelor’s degree (3-4 years), master’s and doctoral programs.
As in England, Ireland, the foundation of university education and the main teaching method – this tutorials: private lessons with a teacher of the student, in our opinion – supervisor. Of professional colleges largest and most famous – Dublin Institute of Technology (Dublin Institute of Technology – DIT). It has more than 22,000 students. At the Institute, includes several schools – schools of technology, service and hospitality, marketing and design, commercial and music.
Another great system – Regional Technical Colleges (RTC) – includes 11 professional colleges across the country. There are also specialized higher education institutions such as the National College of Art and Design, the College of Music in Cork.
Unlike Irish universities, colleges and professional institutions more focused on practice, the needs of the market, they prepare students for work. Specialists in business, technology, industry, services such education and a college degree is valued more than a university degree. But also traditional classical universities under the influence of time, are forced to create new programs for which there is demand – short undergraduate and graduate courses, distance learning programs, training for professionals, university courses include new “market” items.