DURATION OF TRAINING IN GERMANY
Duration of training in Germany varies according to the type of institution and academic degree. The Law on Higher Education “standard period of study” in Germany (Regelstudienzeit), ie the period during which, as a rule, you can complete a full training course and pass the final exam at the first award of professional qualifications, is a four and a half years (nine years).
Only in special cases can be equipped with a different “standard”. For example, to obtain an academic bachelor’s degree (Bachelor or Bakkalaureusgrad) “standard period of study” in Germany is at least three – a maximum of four years.
Then you can take the second final examination for the award of the Master’s degree or master’s degree (Master or Magistergrad). To obtain this degree “standard period of study” designed in Germany for at least a year – a maximum of four years.
To prepare and defend a thesis for the degree of “doctor”, you will need an additional two to five years. Due to the fact that a university education in Germany due to the research activities, many students exceed the terms “standard period of study.”
Gradations of higher education institutions in Germany
German higher education system is the different types of higher education institutions that are able to meet the needs of each student.
Hochschule – a university, usually humanities.
Another type of higher education institution – Fachhochschule – the Russian language can be passed as a university of applied sciences or higher special school. Fachhochschule feature is the close connection between theory and practice. All programs require Fachhochschule two compulsory practical semester. In addition, the period of study in this university is shorter (typically 8 semesters). Fachhochschule prepare qualified specialists for specific industries, as a rule, – engineering, business management, design, and social field. Upon completion of the course, students receive a diploma Diplom. Thus, Fachhochschule attracts students faster path to their future careers and career. According to statistics supplied a quarter of the students is in Fachhochschule.
Universitaet – bigger than the Hochschule and Fachhochschule. Number of subjects and departments can be very large (up to 400). Here, students are engaged in a purely scientific activity is engaged in fundamental and applied research. The university presented the areas of knowledge, medicine, natural, technical, and social sciences, law, theology, economics, sociology and agricultural science. A wide selection of items within one department provides a cross-disciplinary education and specialize in different aspects of the study. Academic degree assigned to universities diploma Diplom, Master Magister, the degree of Doctor Doktor, a docent / Professor Habilitationrecht, certificate giving the right to teach at the university.
Technische Universitaet – University of Technical Education. Here, from a purely theoretical point of view, a detailed study specific areas of science: chemistry, physics, engineering, electronics, electrical engineering, materials science, etc. Academic degrees are similar to those issued at the end of training in Universitaet.
There are also a number of specialized higher education institutions. For example, teacher training schools, schools of theology, art, and art and music schools, schools, cinema, etc.
A German university student can get – depending on their specialty – Diploma (Diplom), an academic master’s degree (Magister), or pass a state examination (Staatsexamen) as a final (all – the rank equivalent qualification). In addition, recently introduced training programs with internationally recognized academic degrees: BA (Bachelor / Bakkalaureus, BA, B.Sc., B.Eng.) And masters (Master, MA, M.Sc., M.Eng.) .
Will the student a diploma or master’s degree, depends, as a rule, the chosen specialty. Training programs in the natural sciences and technical fields, and most of the programs in sociology and economics is to receive a diploma. Students must write a thesis, rather large in size, and pass several written and oral exams. The diploma is a qualifying educational certificates entitling professional in many specialties in the industry and the economy.
The first test of the final assignment of professional qualifications in the humanities and, in part, sociology is the exam to be awarded the academic degree of Master (Magistergrad). To do this, students will have to pass exams in two majors (Hauptfach) or one profiling and two additional (Nebenfach). Students also write research.
State Examination is taken on those specialties successful study which gives the right to work in Germany as public servants (teachers, judges) or in professions that are under the control of the state 9vrachi, lawyers, pharmacists). Examination procedures established by the state or the appropriate federal land in the Regulation on examination requirements. As a rule, the state exam consists of two parts: the first and second examination.
A student can get an academic doctorate degree in any of the disciplines that are taught in German universities, provided that he graduated with good grades. The student finds himself supervisor that offers student thesis topic. In principle, the student is not limited in time, although he is expected to new developments in their chosen field. .